On July 18, the Chamber Food & Beverage Committee held a meeting with representatives of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine: Sergiy Lukyanchuk, Director of the Department of Ecological Safety and Licensing and Oleksandr Semenets, Deputy Director of the Department – Head of the Office of Waste Management and Eco Safety. The meeting was devoted to discussion of the Draft National Waste Management Strategy (hereinafter – Strategy), developed by the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine in cooperation with the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, Ministry of Regional Development, Construction, Housing and Communal Services of Ukraine, EBRD, and GIZ.
The following representatives of NGOs also participated in the meeting:
- Volodymyr Slabyi, Packaging & Ecology Coalition “UkrPEK”;
- Yevgenia Aratovska, ECO project “No waste”;
- Oleksander Baldyniuk, Association “Ukrkondprom”;
- Eduard Lytvak, Association “UkrPapir”;
- Volodymyr Tsvietov, Association “Ukrsklo”;
- Petro Semko, Coalition “Ukrvtorma”;
- Kyrylo Kosourov, Association of enterprises in the sphere of hazardous waste management.
The meeting was moderated by Anna Tarantsova, Head of the Chamber Working Group on Post-Consumer Waste Recycling, Tetra Pak Ukraine.
Opening the meeting, Sergiy Lukianchuk, Director of the Department of Ecological Safety and Licensing, noted that new state policy in a waste management sphere, introduced by the Strategy,will be strictly based on a European approach, according to the EU Directives.
The key principles of the Strategy are the following:
- Waste “Hierarchy” includes: preventing waste in the first place (eco-design), preparing for re-use, recycling (return to manufacturing cycle), recovering and last of all disposal.
- Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy approach under which producers are given a significant responsibility, including financial, for the treatment or disposal of post-consumer products.
- Polluter Pays principle.
- Moving towards a circular economy which will stimulate decrease of waste production.
- Establishment of an integrated network of waste disposal installations.
Representatives of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources shared long-term plans (by 2030) in a waste management sphere: increase of the coverage of separate collection to 40% of the total population of Ukraine, construction of 71 waste recycling complexes, including waste sorting lines, implementation of the EPR principle for household waste and hazardous waste (by 2022).
Among the issues raised during Q&A session were:
- Concerns regarding establishment of “deposit system” (Draft Laws ##5614, 5615), that may have negative affect on a current collection system for drinks packaging waste. – Official Ministry’s position: establishment of the “deposit system” is possible only after realization of the EPR system.
- Prospect of adoption of Draft Law #4028 as a basic document to implement norms, introduced by the Strategy. – Draft Law #4028 could be adopted after amending.
- Possibility of amending a text of the Strategy, mechanism of its adoption. – All interested stakeholders have an opportunity to comment and suggest reasonable amendments to the Strategy by August 14. The Draft Strategy is to be approved by the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, Secretariat of the CMU, then passed by the Governmental Committee and at the last stage included in agenda of the CMU meeting. Then the CMU approves an Action Plan, based on the adopted Strategy.
- Waste burning and producing of alternative refuse derived fuel (RDF). – The Strategy doesn’t prioritize any technologies on waste recycling, recovery or disposal, but establishes a single requirement – separate waste collection.
- Price regulation for services of hazardous waste management. – Tariffs on hazardous waste management should be under state control, as well as tariffs on household waste. This is an instrument of economic stimulation of passing waste to recycling.
- Problematic aspects of disposal of pesticides and pesticides’ packaging: exhaustion of national licensed enterprises’ facilities and issuance of permits for cross-border transportation. – The list of licensed enterprises is published at the Ministry’s official website. The companies should send an official request to the Ministry regarding permits for cross-border transportation.
- Issues related to funds on industrial waste management and licensing procedures for enterprises, producing hazardous waste. – Enterprises producing hazardous waste are required to pass such waste to licensed business entities during one year. Mentioned requirements will be included into a Draft Law on hazardous waste.
In a course of discussion, Yevgenia Aratovska, ECO project “No waste”, emphasized on economic aspect of waste management system – returning of all resource-cost waste components to the national economy (to manufacturing cycle).
Petro Semko, Coalition “Ukrvtorma”, added valid arguments to support the position of waste reusing: national recyclable enterprises do not have enough secondary raw materials and as a result they have to import up to 40% of such materials from other countries.
At the end of the meeting, representatives of the Ministry declared an official position of Ostap Semerak, Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine – the Strategy establishes a direction of national waste management policy, therefore it is a number one priority and has to be adopted prior to any legislative framework.
Also, considering that the Ministry is in close cooperation with the profile VRU Committee on Environmental Policy, Natural Resources Usage and Elimination of the Consequences of Chornobyl Catastrophe, all legislative initiatives in waste management sphere will be jointly examined in terms of compliance with the Strategy and relevant EU Directives.